Defined by the American Society for Horticultural Science as, "the art and science of producing, improving, marking, and using fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants," horticulture is an important component of society that positively impacts citizen's quality of life. Such improvements can take the form of, for example, increased nutrition, more attractive living environments, or … Continue reading question: what is horticulture?
First introduced in Japan and Switzerland in the 1970s, community supported agriculture (CSA) is a form of partnership between farmer and consumer. A contract, which provides consumers with a certain number of 'shares' in the farm, between the two parties is established. Each share provides the consumer a box (or bag or bucket or ...) of vegetables … Continue reading an introduction to community supported agriculture (csa)
Plant tolerance is the characteristic of a plant that allows a plant to avoid, tolerate or recover from attacks from insects, among other things, under conditions that would typically cause a greater amount of injury to other plants of the same species. These inheritable characteristics are what influence the ultimate degree of damage caused by … Continue reading question: what is the difference between plant resistance and plant tolerance?
Entomopathogenic viruses are those that infect and kill insects. They are superior to regular pesticides in that they are not harmful to humans or other vertebrates. Furthermore, each viral strain attacks only a limited number of insect species which helps to mitigate unpredicted damage. There are two types of entomopathogenic viruses: Baculoviridae (ds DNA) Nucleopolyhedrovirus … Continue reading biological control via entomophatogenic viruses: baculovirus
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a long-term pest prevention program that focuses on ecosystem-based strategies for the control of pest related issues. This is accomplished through a combination of techniques including biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices and the use of resistant cultivars. The use of chemical pesticides is then restricted to applications only … Continue reading an introduction to integrated pest management (IPM)
Intensive livestock production systems are those that use higher amounts of labor and capital relative to the land area. The best-known examples are Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) which house large numbers of animals in small spaces. These operations are dependent on food that was likely produced thousands of kilometers/miles away which increases demand for … Continue reading question: what is the difference between intensive and extensive agricultural systems as they relate to livestock production?
There is no doubt about it - there are a lot of people in the world: more than 7 billion. The sheer number of humans is probably even too much for our brains to process. Still, we're all here and more people are coming joining the global population and every day. Feeding so many people … Continue reading the green revolution
Irrigation systems offer a variety of benefits. They allow for the growth of a wider variety of crops. They can be timed so that the hands-on portion of crop production is a little less cumbersome. They protect crops from irregular and dry weather conditions. They support leaching, which can remove harmful, crop-damaging salts within in … Continue reading 8 essential questions to ask before installing an irrigation system
Throughout the 20th century, the food mantra of the United States changed from 'eat more' to 'eat less'. The 'eat more' mentality (1890s-1960s) was in response to widespread disease caused by nutritional deficiencies and the eat less (1960s- present) is in response to the dramatic increase in chronic disease brought about by unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles. … Continue reading a history of the development of the food pyramid and dietary guidelines in the United States
WHAT IS HORTICULTURE? Horticulture is a $17 billion [USD] industry that produces more than 2.4 billion tons of goods annually. It provides employment and income [something particularly beneficial to women in developing countries], as well as aesthetic, sociological, and psychological benefits. Civilization is dependent on the products produced by horticultural endeavors for the food that … Continue reading horticulture