the 15 principles of organic farming

Organic agriculture is the counter movement to conventional agriculture that supports a more natural relationship between production and the environment in which production takes place. In order to support this relationship and reduce the negative impact of horticulture and agriculture, 15 main principles rooted in common sense have been established. Any plant practitioner can choose to adhere to these standards regardless of certification. They are as follows:

  1. Avoid all synthetically produced chemicals
  2. Cultivate fewer susceptible varieties in suitable crop rotations
  3. Use beneficial species for pest control
  4. Control weeds via mechanical methods
  5. Avoid the use of easily soluble mineral fertilizers
  6. Utilize nitrogen from manure and manure compost
  7. Practice green manuring with nitrogen-fixing plants (Leguminosae)
  8. Use slow-acting, natural fertilizers
  9. Preserve soil fertility via humus management
  10. Rotate crops with diverse varieties and long crop rotations with many crop rotation links and intermediate crops
  11. Abstain from the application of synthetically produced chemical growth regulators
  12. Limit stocking density
  13. Restrict the use of purchased feed
  14. Use antibiotic use only on an as-needed basis
  15. Support biodiversity by avoiding monocropping


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